Koob de

Outliers: The Story of Success

de Malcolm Gladwell par Saman Nargund

publié le 27/08/2019

By reading this koob, you will learn that success is rarely the result of just one factor, but the convergence of internal abilities and opportunities created by external circumstances.

You will also discover:

  • The 10,000-hour rule: no matter how much talent you may have, it is essential to put in at least 10,000 hours of practice in order to become successful.

  • Meritocratic systems create biases that make it harder for certain members of society to attain success.

  • Matters outside of your control, such as where and when you are born and how you were brought up, matter.

  • Cultural environments shape your emotional responses in decision-making situations.

  • Language has an impact on the development of specific skills.

  • There is a particular work ethic that derives from a culture’s “agricultural legacy.”

What if Bill Gates’ success wasn’t just a function of his intrinsic intelligence, but also related to his social circumstances, the time period he was born in, and the technological advances that were available to him? Whether it be in sports, garment manufacturing, or software engineering, success is made up of more than just individual merit. By highlighting The Matthew Effect, the 10,000-hour rule, and even factors such as agricultural legacy and linguistic impact, Malcolm Gladwell isn’t saying genius is irrelevant. He argues that alone it just isn’t enough. Similarly, he doesn’t claim that success is random—even with the wrong date of birth or family history, there is still a chance of success. However, if all the optimal factors are combined, the likelihood of success is indeed optimized.

The balance is delicate—which is why it is important to leave no stone unturned when uncovering the story of someone’s success. This will teach you to make the most of your own personal talents but also to grab opportunities when they appear!

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